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Przewalski's Horse

Przewalski’s Horse has been known to the world of science since 1881, when it was described by I. S. Poliakov, based on a skull and hide imported from Central Asia by Colonel Nicolai M. Przhevalsky in 1879. Poliakov named the newly discovered species ‘Przewalski’s Horse’ in honor of the famous explorer. However, the wild horses were known to local inhabitants a long time before that. The Mongols called them takhi, the Chinese jie-ma. The expression kertag is also used, originating from the Kirghiz kher takhi.

The Przewalski‘s Horses live in 5–25 member family groups or harems. The group is headed by a dominant stallion, which protects and keeps the herd together. He moves toward danger, watched from afar by the lead mare, which gives the herd the order to run or calms them down depending on his behavior. As they begin to mature, young stallions leave the herd to form bachelor groups, from which new leaders of harems are recruited. Battles between stallions for territory or mares are often fierce and can end in death. (source:

In 2011 there were 12 Przewalski's horses: in Almaty zoological garden - 5, in national nature park "Altyn Emel" - 7.Government plan to start its reintroduction in newly established Altyn Dala Reservat where the habitat conditions are much better. If adaptation  is successful German zoos are ready to bring more animals for a viable breeding group.