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Lesser white – fronted goose

Lesser white – fronted goose

Lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erythropus) 

This species is listed as Vulnerable because it has suffered a rapid population reduction in its key breeding population in Russia, and equivalent declines are predicted to continue. The Fennoscandian population has undergone a severe historical decline, and has not yet recovered.

Height : 53-66 cm, weight: 1,3-2,3kg. Small, grey-brown goose. White patch at base of pink bill. Black belly patches. Yellow eye-ring at close range. Similar species: White-fronted Goose longer necked with bigger bill and less steeply sloping forehead. Adult less dark and has smaller white blaze on face and lack bright yellow eye-ring. Juvenile lacks pale eye-ring. Difficult to distinguish in flight except by longer neck and bill and relatively shorter wings.

Study of Lesser white-fronted goose by ACBK 

Lesser white-fronted goose is a globally threatened species with specific migration routes. In autumn, its western populations fly from Northern Europe not to the south, but to the east - to Western Siberia, then turn south, have rest on staging areas in North Kazakhstan and afterwards move to the south-west to wintering areas in South-East Europe and Middle East. National Single Species Action Plan is prepared by ACBK participation and approved by Committee of Forestry and Hunting.


International field team of ornithologists from Kazakhstan, Finland, Norway, Russia and Bulgaria worked by support of African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA).


Hunting is the main threat for the species; it is forbidden in Kazakhstan but often it is accidental because of difficult identification of the species which is very similar to the common white-fronted goose. These lesser white-fronted geese are shot at Taldykol lake in Kostanay region.