- About us
- Our activity
- Nature support
- ACBK publications
- Environmental Law
- Ornithology page
- Question and answer
Saiga (Saiga tatarica)
This small antelope is very distinct by its curved nose ended with a short trunk. Saiga ages back to mammoth era. But the most amazing phenomenon of this species is the huge herds that migrate on a vast area of Kazakh steppe. Over the period from 1993 until 2003 the population number dropped from almost one million to 30 000 animals (95%), аnd the demand is constantly growing on themarket, which causes the high level of poaching for saiga horns..
Only males have the “precious” horns. Saiga horns are used for production of traditional Chinese medicines and the demand is constantly growing on the market. The harvesting, trafficking and trade of saiga derivates are banned in Kazakhstan.
Study and conservation of saiga by ACBK
ACBK staff and international expert are installing markers on the plane for aerial census of saiga in 2011. Kazakh Government conducts annual aerial surveys in three saiga populations. Total number of saiga in 2011 was 103 000 animals.
In 2011 ACBK with Institute of Zoology and the international experts completed the revision and testing of the aerial census methodology to improve the accuracy of the monitoring data.
ACBK and Okhotzooprom catch saiga for satellite collaring. The data is used for studying the current distribution, migrations, biological and ecological peculiarities of this species as well as for improving the protection by inspectors of Okhotzooprom and SPAs. Now 32 collars are transmitting data in Betpakdala population and 4 collars in Ustyurt population.
Specialists from the ACBK and Institute of Zoology during the calving survey to study saiga biology.